After the USSR desintegration the question of the necessity of differential approach to different economic units was by the scientists of the Complex Analysis of Regional Problems Institute (the Far-Eastern Department of Russia Academy of Science). Thereby the existing in Russia practice of making common demands to all organizations regardless of forms of property was questioned by them.
In accordance with the active legislation economic units form, roughly speaking, three basis groups, i.e. enterprises and organizations of the state economy, co-operatives and economic companies.
The study of the economic legacy of Russia as well as the theory and practice of the modern international co-operative movement, shows that co-operatives be classified under the sphere of labour association where individual labour activity, craft and handicraft workshops, form could be included in as well.
The main goal of labour organizations is an all-round encouragement of labour and a search of ways to the complete refusal of reward of the capital. In economic companies setting quite contrary aims, labour organizations have got conditions for the rise, formation, conservation and consolidation of labour morals, i.e. the vital concern of every participant in voluntary, honest and painstaking work and careful attitude not only to the funds but also to the results of the work both his and others!
Today the people of the Far-East, as well as all other Russians, try to solve all their problems at the expense of carrying out efficient investive projects in the country and the region. But it does not bring the expected results. In connection with this the matter of paramount importance is a comprehensive consolidation of the sphere of labour economy, bat it is impossible without determining its status.
The contemporary Russia/s legislation does not evisage individual labour activity that exists in the world centuries. That is why almost all labour organizations can appear only under the name of co-operatives and this, in its turn, will inevitally lead to the growth of cooperative movement in such regions as Russia/s Far-East which has the most convenient conditions for labour organizations activity.