The Co-operative Movement of the Russian Far East

This page is made up Russian Far East Association of Co-operative Movement for accumulation, collection and systemization information of Russian and Foreign Scientists, experts, practicians, representatives of co-operative society and all who will be interested make prove and develop Co-operative movement in Russia, Russian Far East Aria and all countries of our small World.

IFFCO : Indian Farmers' Success Story

During mid- sixties the co-operative sector in India was responsible for distribution of 70 per cent of fertilisers consumed in the country. This Sector had adequate infrastructure to distribute fertilisers but had no production facilities of its own and hence dependent on public/private Sectors for supplies. To overcome this lacuna and to bridge the demand supply gap in the country, a new co-operative society was conceived to specifically cater to the requirements of farmers. It was an unique venture in which the farmers of the country through their own co-operative societies created this new institution to safeguard their interests. The number of co-operative societies associated with IFFCO have risen from 57 in 1967 to more than 36,000 now.

Indian Farmers Fertiliser Co-operative Limited (IFFCO) was created on November 3, 1967 as a multi-unit co-operative society engaged in production and distribution of fertilisers. The byelaws of the Society provide a broad frame work for the activities of IFFCO as a Cooperative Society. The main emphasis is on production and distribution of fertilisers.

IFFCO commissioned the ammonia - urea complex at Kalol and the NPK/DAP plant at Kandla both in the state of Gujarat in 1975. Another ammonia - urea complex was set up at Phulpur in the state of Uttar Pradesh in 1981. The ammonia - urea unit at Aonla was commissioned in 1988. The annual installed capacity of all the plants was 1.62 million tonne of Urea and NPK/DAP equivalent to 309 thousand tonne of phosphates.

In 1993 IFFCO had drawn up a major expansion programme of all the four plants under overall aegis of IFFCO VISION 2000 . The expansion projects at Aonla, Kalol and Phulpur have been completed on schedule. The latest feather in the cap of IFFCO was completion of Kandla Phase-II on 5th August 1999 which has heralded realisation of all the objectives set forth under VISION - 2000. As per the tradition of IFFCO the project was completed more than two months ahead of schedule. As a result of these expansion projects IFFCO's annual capacity has been increased to 3.69 million tonne of Urea and NPK/DAP equivalent to 825 thousand tonne of phosphates.

The distribution of IFFCO's fertiliser is undertaken through over 35,000 co-operative societies. The entire activities of Distribution, Sales and Promotion are co-ordinated by Marketing Central Office (MKCO) at New Delhi assisted by the Marketing offices in the field. In addition, essential agro-inputs for crop production are made available to the farmers through a chain of 167 Farmers Service Centre (FSC). IFFCO obsessively nurtures its relations with farmers and undertakes a large number of agricultural extension activities for their benefit every year.
At IFFCO, the thirst for ever improving the services to farmers and member co-operatives is insatiable, commitment to quality is insurmountable and harnessing of mother earths' bounty to drive hunger away from India in an ecologically sustainable manner is the prime mission.

IFFCO, to day, is a leading player in India's fertiliser industry and is making substantial contribution to the efforts of Indian Government to increase foodgrain production in the country.